Category Archives: Anatomy


Kidneys are paired organs situated high up against the roof of the abdomen, and in most animals lying one on either side of the spinal column. Horse The kidneys of the horse differ from each other in both shape and position. The right has the outline of a playing-card heart, and lies under the last… Read More »


A solid glandular organ lying in the anterior-most part of the abdomen close up against the diaphragm. Its colour varies from a dark red-brown in the horse to a bluish-purple in the ox and pig; it is soft to the touch though it is rather friable in consistency, and it constitutes the largest gland in… Read More »


These 2 organs are, of course, concerned with respiration, in which carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen. The air breathed in is warmed before reaching the lungs via the AIR PASSAGES. Blood is carried to the lungs by the pulmonary artery, which divides and subdivides into tiny capillaries which lie around the walls of the… Read More »