Category Archives: Complementary Medicine


Mange (Demodectic / Sarcoptic) Definition and cause Demodex is a localized or generalized parasitic disease caused by Demodex spp. mites. The underlying cause is believed to be genetic or related to immune deficiency or imbalance. In cats it is most often associated with other systemic disease such as FIV. Sarcoptic mange is a highly pruritic… Read More »

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Definition and cause Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by excessive dry or oily sebum, commonly caused by a combination of Staph pyoderma and Malassezia dermatitis. It is fairly common in dogs and rare in cats. Medical therapy rationale, drug(s) of choice, and nutritional recommendations The recommended treatments are topical shampoos such as selenium sulfide in combination… Read More »

Eosinophilic Granuloma

Definition and cause Feline eosinophilic granuloma is an inflammatory disease that most commonly occurs in cats but can occur in dogs and other species. While the proven cause is not known, it is believed that the underlying cause is related to an allergic reaction (food, insect, environmental). Other suspected causes include genetic predisposition, infection, or… Read More »


Definition and cause Broadly defined as a secondary bacterial infection of the skin, pyoderma is one of the most common diseases seen in dogs. It is less common in cats. In most instances the surface of the skin has been compromised and bacteria infections are initiated. Pyodermas are classified as superficial and deep, and arise… Read More »


Definition and cause Alopecia is one of the most common conditions seen by veterinarians. It is often a result of multiple underlying causes with the secondary ramification of loss of hair. The broad categories of alopecia are (1) genetic predisposition, and (2) acquired, such as inflammatory, infectious (bacterial, fungal), immune-mediated, hormonal imbalances, parasitic, and secondary… Read More »


Trauma: Sprains, Strains, And Fractures Definition and cause Simple sprains, strains, and fractures represent an inflammatory process at the cellular and tissue level. Addressing these conditions depends upon the location and extent of the damage. Medical therapy rationale, drug(s) of choice, and nutritional recommendations Medical therapy is based upon the condition. Surgery, splinting, or bandaging… Read More »

Spinal Arthritis

Spinal Arthritis / Spondylosis Definition and cause Spinal arthritis / spondylosis is a degenerative condition of the bony spinal column with associated osteophytic activity between vertebrae. It occurs in both dogs and cats and is believed to have an inherited predisposition or be the result of continual localized trauma and secondary inflammation to the bony… Read More »


Definition and cause Osteochondrosis is a growth disturbance, often leading to an overproduction of cartilage. This thickened cartilage leads to degeneration and necrosis. Coupled with improper nutrition and trauma, this excessive cartilage can lead to ostechondritis dessecans in the shoulder, elbow, or stifle joint. In addition, it is believed that improper nutrition and trauma to… Read More »