Category Archives: Conditions

Respiratory conditions

Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) This condition has been reported in related Dalmatians. Progressive pulmonary failure occurred, leading to death in three weeks. No known risk factors for ARDS could be identified. Agenesis of the nares This congenital condition can predispose to laryngeal collapse. Dyspnoea, mouth breathing and snoring are seen. Aspergillosis This fungal infection… Read More »

Reproductive Conditions

Azoospermia with spermatogenic arrest In azoospermia, the ejaculate appears normal but contains no spermatozoa. Azoospermia with spermatogenic arrest occurs in dogs that were previously fertile but have become azoospermic. It is believed to be the result of an autoimmune orchitis. Congenital preputial stenosis A congenital defect wherein there is an abnormally small preputial opening. This… Read More »

Renal and urinary conditions

Calcium oxalate urolithiasis Calcium oxalate uroliths are commonly found in both dogs and cats. In dogs, hypercalciuria predisposes to calcium oxalate urolith formation and may occur due to excessive intestinal absorption of calcium (absorptive calciuria), impaired renal reabsorption of calcium (renal leak calciuria), or hypercalcaemia (resorptive calciuria). Calcium oxalate uroliths tend to be radiodense, often… Read More »

Ocular Conditions

BVA/KC/ISDS Eye Scheme The British Veterinary Association/Kennel Club/International Sheep Dog Society Eye Scheme has been set up to enable breeders to reduce the frequency of inherited eye disease by screening dogs for these conditions prior to breeding. Screening is carried out by appointed eye panelists. A list of panelists can be obtained from the Kennel… Read More »

Neurological Conditions

Afghan myelopathy A progressive disease of the white matter of the spinal cord. Symptoms include pelvic limb ataxia and paresis progressing to thoracic limb involvement, tetraplegia and eventually death from respiratory paralysis. Ambylopia and quadriplegia This is a lethal inherited condition of Irish Setters. Puppies are unable to walk and progression to visual impairment, nystagmus… Read More »

Neoplastic Conditions

Actinic keratosis These lesions are often associated with chronic sun exposure, so are generally seen in pale-skinned areas of animals with outside access. Lesions may be single or multifocal, and plaquelike or papillomatous with hyperkeratosis. They may progress to squamous cell carcinoma which has the potential for local invasion and distant metastasis. Adrenocortical tumour Adrenocortical… Read More »

Infectious conditions

Aspergillosis Aspergillosis is an opportunist fungal infection. In the dog it generally presents as a nasal and frontal sinus infection and dolichocephalic breeds seem predisposed. In cats the condition is much less common and presents as a systemic disease with variable organ involvement. Blastomycosis Blastomycosis is systemic fungal infection, caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis seen primarily… Read More »

Haematological Immunological Conditions

Basset Hound thrombopathia This condition is seen only in Bassets. Clinical signs include prolonged haemorrhage, particularly at surgery and oestrus. Aural haematomas and petechiae are also seen. The platelets demonstrate defective aggregation and retention. The underlying cause is unknown. Blood groups Canine blood groups are classified according to the dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA). There are… Read More »

Musculoskeletal conditions

Accessory carpal bone fracture These fractures are sprain-avulsion type injuries caused by carpal hyperextension during racing. Carpal pain may be present. Achondroplasia Achondroplastic breeds are specifically bred for this condition. They have short maxillae, flared metaphyses and short, bowed limbs. This is accepted as part of the breed standard. Alaskan Malamute chondrodysplasia This condition leads… Read More »

Gastrointestinal conditions

Alpha-1-antitrypsin related hepatitis A form of chronic progressive hepatitis associated with the accumulation of the acute-phase protein alpha-1-antitrypsin. Amyloidosis Amyloidosis results from the deposition of an insoluble fibrillar protein (amyloid) in a variety of organs, resulting in organ dysfunction. It may occur as an abnormal response to inflammatory or lymphoproliferative disease. Antral pyloric hypertrophy syndrome… Read More »