Tag Archives: Amoxicillin

Otitis Media

Otitis media may result from extension of otitis extema through the tympanic membrane, aspiration of pharyngeal contents up the auditory tube (e.g. a sequela to upper respiratory tract (URT] infection in cats), or from hematogenous spread. Extension from otitis externa is the most common cause of otitis media, but otitis media may serve as a… Read More »

Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid (Clavamox, Augmentin)

Potentiated Aminopenicillin Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bactericidal aminopenicillin with beta-lactamase inhibitor that expands its spectrum. Not effective against Pseudomonas or Enterobacter • Most likely adverse effects are GI related, but hypersensitivity & other adverse effects rarely occur What Is Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid Used For? Amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate tablets and oral… Read More »

Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Amoxi-Tabs)

Aminopenicillin Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bactericidal aminopenicillin with same spectrum as ampicillin (ineffective against bacteria that produce beta-lactamase) • Most likely adverse effects are GI-related, but hypersensitivity & other adverse effects rarely occur • Available in oral & parenteral dosage forms in USA What Is Amoxicillin Used For? The aminopenicillins have been used for… Read More »

Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a life-threatening disorder that results from microorganisms that colonize the cardiac endocardium, which commonly causes destruction of valves or other structures within the heart. Bacteremia is by far the most common etiology, with the mitral and aortic valve most frequently affected. Vegetation may cause thromboembolism or metastatic infections, which involve multiple… Read More »

Aglepristone (Alizin, Alizine)

Injectable Progesterone Blocker Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Injectable progesterone blocker indicated for pregnancy termination in bitches; may also be of benefit in inducing parturition or in treating pyometra complex in dogs & progesterone-dependent mammary hyperplasia in cats • Not currently available in USA; marketed for use in dogs in Europe, South America, etc. •… Read More »

Canine Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis

1. What is canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)? Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a syndrome characterized by the acute onset of profuse vomiting and bloody diarrhea with significant hemoconcentration. 2. What is the cause3 of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis? The cause is unknown. Although the term hemorrhagic gastroenteritis implies an inflammatory condition, the disease is more likely due to… Read More »

Salmonella

Cause of Salmonella Salmonella spp. are predominandy motile, gram-negative facultative anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria found in the feces of normal and diarrheic animals. As with many other commensal organisms of the gastrointestinal tract, the high prevalence of these organisms complicates diagnosis. From 1% to 30% of the fecal samples or rectal swabs taken from healthy domestic… Read More »

Acute Small Intestinal Disease

Potential causes of acute diarrhea are listed in Table Causes of Acute Diarrhea, but whether a complete diagnosis is pursued and when therapy is instituted are clinical judgments. The diagnostic approach to acute diarrhea is discussed elsewhere. Patients that are bright, alert, and not dehydrated may require no further investigation, because signs are often self-limiting.… Read More »

Chronic Gastritis

Gastritis is a common finding in dogs, with 35% of dogs investigated for chronic vomiting and 26% to 48% of asymptomatic dogs affected. The prevalence in cats has not been determined. The diagnosis of chronic gastritis is based on the histologic examination of gastric biopsies and it is usually subclassified according to histopathological changes and… Read More »

Selected Acquired Diseases Of The Lips, Cheeks, And Palate

Feline eosinophilic granuloma complex (FEGC) comprises an eosinophilic ulcer, plaque, and a linear granuloma. Oral lesions are usually a linear granuloma or an eosinophilic ulcer; the latter has a predisposition for the maxillary lips (80%). Intraoral lesions appear as one or more discrete, firm, raised nodules. Clinical signs include dysphagia and / or ptyalism. Although… Read More »