Tag Archives: Ampicillin

Bacterial endocarditis

Bacterial endocarditis is an acute or, more commonly, a subacute condition characterized by the formation of septic vegetative thrombi on the valves and / or mural endocardium. Thrombus formation most frequently involves the mitral or aortic valves and the highest incidence occurs in large breed, male dogs older than four years of age. The German… Read More »

Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid (Clavamox, Augmentin)

Potentiated Aminopenicillin Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bactericidal aminopenicillin with beta-lactamase inhibitor that expands its spectrum. Not effective against Pseudomonas or Enterobacter • Most likely adverse effects are GI related, but hypersensitivity & other adverse effects rarely occur What Is Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid Used For? Amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate tablets and oral… Read More »

Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Amoxi-Tabs)

Aminopenicillin Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bactericidal aminopenicillin with same spectrum as ampicillin (ineffective against bacteria that produce beta-lactamase) • Most likely adverse effects are GI-related, but hypersensitivity & other adverse effects rarely occur • Available in oral & parenteral dosage forms in USA What Is Amoxicillin Used For? The aminopenicillins have been used for… Read More »

Amikacin Sulfate (Amikin, Amiglyde-V)

Aminoglycoside Antibiotic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Parenteral aminoglycoside antibiotic that has good activity against a variety of bacteria, predominantly gram-negative aerobic bacilli • Adverse Effects: Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, neuromuscu-lar blockade • Cats may be more sensitive to toxic effects • Risk factors for toxicity: Preexisting renal disease, age (both neonatal & geriatric), fever, sepsis &… Read More »

Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a life-threatening disorder that results from microorganisms that colonize the cardiac endocardium, which commonly causes destruction of valves or other structures within the heart. Bacteremia is by far the most common etiology, with the mitral and aortic valve most frequently affected. Vegetation may cause thromboembolism or metastatic infections, which involve multiple… Read More »

Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine, Mucomyst, NAC)

Antidote; Mucolytic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Used primarily as a treatment for acetaminophen or phenol toxicity & for its mucolytic effect; used anecdotally for treating degenerative myelopathy • Also used as a topical ophthalmic () • Has caused hypersensitivity & bronchospasm when used in pulmonary tree • Administer via gastric- or duodenal tube for… Read More »

Treatment of RFM

Although many mares with RFM do not become clinically ill, early prophylactic intervention is widely practiced because the complications associated with RFM may be severe and potentially life threatening. Many farm managers and horse owners with a veterinary client-patient relationship may be instructed to begin intramuscular (IM) injections of oxytocin 2 to 4 hours postpartum… Read More »

Endometrial Culture and Antimicrobial Therapy

Sampling of the surface of the endometrium for pathogenic microflora is an important part of the breeding soundness evaluation of the mare. Additionally, most breeding sheds and stallion owners require broodmares to have a negative uterine culture before natural mating. Breeds that allow artificial insemination may be less restrictive with this requirement. Other indications for… Read More »

Canine Parvovirus

1. What are the common clinical signs in dogs with canine parvovirus (CPV)? • Lethargy • Vomiting • Inappetence • Fever • Acute-onset diarrhea • Profound neutropenia (white blood cells < 1000/mm3) Puppies between the ages of 6 weeks to 6 months are most commonly affected. In a Canadian study, sexually intact dogs had a… Read More »

Canine Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis

1. What is canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)? Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a syndrome characterized by the acute onset of profuse vomiting and bloody diarrhea with significant hemoconcentration. 2. What is the cause3 of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis? The cause is unknown. Although the term hemorrhagic gastroenteritis implies an inflammatory condition, the disease is more likely due to… Read More »