Tag Archives: Calcium gluconate

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Magnesium Abnormalities

1. What are the important functions of magnesium? Magnesium participates in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle tone, signal transduction, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, synthesis of nucleic acids, lymphocyte activation, and cytokine production. 2. Which cellular membrane-bound pumps utilize magnesium as a coenzyme? Sodium-potassium ATPase, calcium ATPase, and proton pumps. 3. How is magnesium distributed… Read More »


Chemistry An ethanolamine derivative antihistamine, dimenhydrinate contains approximately 54% diphenhydramine and 46% 8-chlorotheophylline. It occurs as an odorless, bitter and numbing-tasting, white crystalline powder with a melting range of 102°-107°C. Dimenhydrinate is slightly soluble in water and is freely soluble in propylene glycol or alcohol. The pH of the commercially available injection ranges from 6.4… Read More »


Diltiazem Hydrochloride Chemistry A calcium channel blocker, diltiazem HCl occurs as a white to off-white crystalline powder having a bitter taste. It is soluble in water and alcohol. Potencies may be expressed in terms of base (active moiety) and the salt. Dosages are generally expressed in terms of the salt. Diltiazem is also known as… Read More »

Anemia, Thrombocytopenia, And Hypoproteinemia

1. Are transfusions essential in an emergency situation? Absolutely. Transfusions are frequently needed for veterinary patients as a result of various emergency situations, including blood loss, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), clinical syndromes associated with the hypocoagulable state of malignancy and other diseases, and other hematologic abnormalities. In general, transfusions and specific blood components should be… Read More »


Chemistry An analog of pyrophosphate, etidronate disodium (also known as EHDP, Na2EHDP, or sodium etidronate) is a biphosphonate agent that occurs as a white powder and is freely soluble in water. Unlike pyrophosphate, etidronate is resistant to enzymatic degradation in the gut. Storage – Stability – Compatibility Store tablets in tight containers at room temperature.… Read More »