Tag Archives: Carprofen

Cimalgex [Cimicoxib] for Dogs

Cimalgex is eligible for assessment under the centralised procedure under Article 3(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 726/2004 as it contains a new active substance which has not been authorised in the Community for use in a medicinal product intended for use in animals. The active ingredient, cimicoxib, is a specific inhibitor of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) and… Read More »

Reptile Anesthesia

Restraint of reptiles may be performed without as much risk in the case of the debilitated animal in comparison to birds, for example. However, it is still worthwhile considering how to successfully and safely restrain the reptile patient in order for it to be anesthetised as well as some techniques that may make restraint less… Read More »

Hepatic Lipidosis And Acute Hepatitis

1. What is hepatic lipidosis? Hepatic lipidosis is a common disease of cats in which excessive fat accumulates in hepatocytes and may lead to severe intrahepatic cholestasis and progressive liver failure. Most cases in cats are idiopathic. Diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis, cholangiohepatitis, hyperthyroidism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, renal disease, chronic cystitis, chronic upper respiratory infections, hyperadrenocorticism, and neoplasia… Read More »

Recovery And Analgesia

Recovery involves ventilation with 100% oxygen. The endotracheal tube is removed once the bird will no longer tolerate its presence. Regardless of the anesthetic used, practically all patients will appear disorientated and will attempt to flap their wings during recovery. Every attempt should be made to gently constrain them (without restricting respiration) to ensure that… Read More »


Gastric Erosion And Ulceration Gastric erosions and ulcers are associated with a number of primary gastric and non-gastric disorders (Table Association of Gastric Ulceration and Erosion with Specific Diseases). Clinical signs range in duration and severity, from acute to chronic and mild to life threatening. The pathomechanisms underlying gastric damage can be broadly attributed to… Read More »

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be classified chemically into two major groups: the carboxylic acids (e.g. carprofen, flunixin, aspirin) and the enolic acids (e.g. phenylbutazone, meloxicam). The therapeutic effects of most NSAIDs are due to inhibition of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase (COX), which converts arachidonic acid (released from damaged cell membranes) into prostaglandins and thromboxane A2.… Read More »


Hip And Elbow Dysplasia Definition and cause Hip and elbow dysplasia is a degenerative condition of the hip or elbow joints leading to a malaligned joint and secondary arthritic changes. Genetics, nutrition, and developmental changes affect the degenerative process in both conditions. For more information, please refer to Arthritis, above. Medical therapy rationale, drug(s) of… Read More »

Anti-inflammatory preparations

Corticosteroids NSAIDs Systemic NSAIDs may be used instead of systemic corticosteroids. If used peri-operatively adequate renal perfusion must be maintained to reduce the risk of kidney damage. Carprofen is a useful analgesic anti-inflammatory agent and may be used both for surgical and medical conditions. Aspirin is occasionally used, by mouth, pre-operatively to reduce inflammation during… Read More »