Tag Archives: Charcoal

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Aminopentamide Hydrogen Sulfate (Centrine)

Anticholinergic/Antispasmodic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Anticholinergic/antispasmodicfor GI indications in small animals • Typical adverse effect profile (“dry, hot, red”); potentially could cause tachycardia • Contraindicated in glaucoma; relatively contraindicated in tachycardias, heart disease, GI obstruction, etc. What Is Aminopentamide Hydrogen Sulfate Used For? The manufacturer states that the drug is indicated “in the treatment… Read More »

Albuterol Sulfate (Salbutamol, Proventil, Ventolin)

Beta-Adrenergic Agonist Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Used primarily as a bronchodilator after PO or inhaled dosing • Use with caution in patients with cardiac dysrhythmias or dysfunction, seizure disorders, hypertension or hyperthyroidism • May be teratogenic (high doses) or delay labor What Is Albuterol Sulfate Used For? Albuterol is used principally in dogs and… Read More »

Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine, Mucomyst, NAC)

Antidote; Mucolytic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Used primarily as a treatment for acetaminophen or phenol toxicity & for its mucolytic effect; used anecdotally for treating degenerative myelopathy • Also used as a topical ophthalmic () • Has caused hypersensitivity & bronchospasm when used in pulmonary tree • Administer via gastric- or duodenal tube for… Read More »

Hemolytic Anemia

Hemolytic anemia is a pathologic condition that results from accelerated erythrocyte removal and can be intravascular and extravascular. Intravascular hemolysis occurs when erythrocytes are destroyed within the vascular space. Clinical signs associated with intravascular hemolysis are typically acute in onset and classically include icterus and red- to port-wine-colored urine. Extravascular hemolysis results from accelerated erythrocyte… Read More »

Sampling Technique

Rectal examination and transrectal ultrasonography to rule out ttie possibility of pregnancy should always be performed before sampling. Endometrial swabs for culture should be obtained during estrus when at all possible, and obtaining a specimen for cytology at the same time is highly recommended. When mares are sampled during estrus, fewer false-negative culture results are… Read More »

Dimenhydrinate

Chemistry An ethanolamine derivative antihistamine, dimenhydrinate contains approximately 54% diphenhydramine and 46% 8-chlorotheophylline. It occurs as an odorless, bitter and numbing-tasting, white crystalline powder with a melting range of 102°-107°C. Dimenhydrinate is slightly soluble in water and is freely soluble in propylene glycol or alcohol. The pH of the commercially available injection ranges from 6.4… Read More »

Acute Small Intestinal Disease

Potential causes of acute diarrhea are listed in Table Causes of Acute Diarrhea, but whether a complete diagnosis is pursued and when therapy is instituted are clinical judgments. The diagnostic approach to acute diarrhea is discussed elsewhere. Patients that are bright, alert, and not dehydrated may require no further investigation, because signs are often self-limiting.… Read More »

Acute Gastritis

Acute gastritis is the term applied to the syndrome of vomiting of sudden onset presumed to be due to a gastric mucosal insult or inflammation (Causes of Acute Gastritis). In most patients the cause is inferred from the history, such as dietary indiscretion, the diagnosis is rarely confirmed by biopsy, and treatment is symptomatic and… Read More »

Diethylcarbamazine Citrate

Chemistry A piperazine derivative, diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) occurs as a white, slightly hygroscopic, crystalline powder that is either odorless or has a slight odor and a melting point of approximately 138°C. It is very soluble in water and slightly soluble (1 gram in 35 ml) in alcohol. Storage – Stability – Compatibility Unless otherwise specified… Read More »