Tag Archives: Dimethyl sulfoxide

Interstitial Pneumonia

Interstitial pneumonia is an uncommon cause of acute or chronic disorders of the lower respiratory tract of horses. However, because of the severity of the process, recognition and definitive diagnosis of this entity are important as early as possible in its clinical course. The term interstitial pneumonia defines a number of diseases that are chronic… Read More »

Medical Therapy For Upper Airway Disease

Because of the possibility that regional inflammation of the upper airway may be responsible for some obstructive upper airway diseases, enteral, parenteral, and topical antiinflammatory therapy may prove useful in their treatment. Although a proven correlation between airway inflammation and upper airway obstructive diseases remains to be established, an association exists between the presence of… Read More »

Postanesthetic Upper Respiratory Tract Obstruction

Upper respiratory tract () obstruction can occur in horses recovering from general anesthesia after various surgical procedures. Postanesthetic upper respiratory tract obstruction most often results from nasal edema and/or congestion and is usually mild. Other causes include arytenoid chondritis, dorsal displacement of the soft palate, and bilateral arytenoid cartilage paralysis. Bilateral arytenoid cartilage paralysis is… Read More »

Axial Deviation of the Aryepiglottic Folds

Axial deviation of the aryepiglottic folds () has been recognized as a cause of dynamic upper respiratory obstruction in horses since the first use of high-speed treadmill exercise testing to evaluate poor performance. The membranous portions of the aryepiglottic folds, which extend from the abaxial margin of the epiglottis to the corniculate processes at the… Read More »

Hemolytic Anemia

Hemolytic anemia is a pathologic condition that results from accelerated erythrocyte removal and can be intravascular and extravascular. Intravascular hemolysis occurs when erythrocytes are destroyed within the vascular space. Clinical signs associated with intravascular hemolysis are typically acute in onset and classically include icterus and red- to port-wine-colored urine. Extravascular hemolysis results from accelerated erythrocyte… Read More »

Embryo Storage

Two options exist to store equine embryos. The short-term (<24 hours) method entails storage of embryos that are cooled to 5° C in an Equitainer (Hamilton Research, South Hamilton, Mass.). The long-term (>24 hours) method involves storage of embryos that are frozen at -196° C in liquid nitrogen. Of these two options, short-term storage procedures… Read More »

Complications Of Burns

Infection is a serious and frequent complication of burns and must be addressed at an early stage. For the most part, normal skin commensal organisms such as Streptococcus equi var. zooepidemicus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are encountered with some complicated by other gram-negative species, such as E. coli and Clostridia spp., and yeasts can… Read More »

Treatment of Cutaneous Habronemiasis

Antiinflammatory Drugs Because a hypersensitivity reaction to the larvae is believed to be one of the major causes in the pathogenesis of this skin disease, treatment usually involves some form of either topical or systemic steroid therapy. The most common steroids used in topical preparation are dexamethasone and triamcinolone. These steroids are most commonly combined… Read More »