Tag Archives: Enrofloxacin

Diseases of the Ear: General Principles Of Management

The therapeutic plan for otitis externa requires identification of the primary disease process and perpetuating factors. Ideally management is aimed at thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear canal, removing or managing the primary factors, controlling perpetuating factors, administering appropriate topical or systemic therapy (or both), and evaluating response to therapy. Ear Cleaning Ear cleaning serves… Read More »

Therapy For Specific Diseases Of The External Ear Canal

Ectoparasites Thorough cleaning of the external ear canal, treatment of all household pets, and whole-body therapy should be considered in the treatment regimen for ear mites. Pets with no clinical signs may be asymptomatic carriers and a reservoir for reinfestation. Otic parasiticides such as pyrethrins, rotenone, amitraz, and carbaryl must be administered every 24 hours… Read More »

Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a life-threatening disorder that results from microorganisms that colonize the cardiac endocardium, which commonly causes destruction of valves or other structures within the heart. Bacteremia is by far the most common etiology, with the mitral and aortic valve most frequently affected. Vegetation may cause thromboembolism or metastatic infections, which involve multiple… Read More »


Thoracic Ultrasonography Thoracic ultrasonography currently is regarded as the preferred method to diagnose pleuropneumonia in the horse. Although the value of the art of thoracic auscultation and percussion should not be undermined, clinicians managing horses with thoracic disease recognize the limitations of these tools. With the widespread use of thoracic ultrasound, the equine practitioner currently… Read More »

Endometrial Culture and Antimicrobial Therapy

Sampling of the surface of the endometrium for pathogenic microflora is an important part of the breeding soundness evaluation of the mare. Additionally, most breeding sheds and stallion owners require broodmares to have a negative uterine culture before natural mating. Breeds that allow artificial insemination may be less restrictive with this requirement. Other indications for… Read More »

Dicural [Difloxacin] 100 mg/ml Oral Solution for Chickens & Turkeys

Active substance / Generic: Difloxacin hydrochloride Scientific discussion This medicine is approved for use in the European Union Invented name: Dicural International Non-proprietary Name: Difloxacin hydrochloride Target species (with associated Pharmaceutical form): Chickens (broilers and future breeders): Oral solution Turkeys (young, up to 2kg bodyweight): Oral solution Cattle (calves and young cattle): Solution for injection Dogs:… Read More »

Hepatic Lipidosis And Acute Hepatitis

1. What is hepatic lipidosis? Hepatic lipidosis is a common disease of cats in which excessive fat accumulates in hepatocytes and may lead to severe intrahepatic cholestasis and progressive liver failure. Most cases in cats are idiopathic. Diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis, cholangiohepatitis, hyperthyroidism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, renal disease, chronic cystitis, chronic upper respiratory infections, hyperadrenocorticism, and neoplasia… Read More »


1. What are the primary functions of the peritoneum? The peritoneum is the highly permeable lining of the abdominal wall and viscera forming an empty cavity. A small amount of free fluid that acts as a lubricant between the abdominal organs is constantly being formed. Water and other soluble products freely diffuse across the membrane.… Read More »


Cause of Salmonella Salmonella spp. are predominandy motile, gram-negative facultative anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria found in the feces of normal and diarrheic animals. As with many other commensal organisms of the gastrointestinal tract, the high prevalence of these organisms complicates diagnosis. From 1% to 30% of the fecal samples or rectal swabs taken from healthy domestic… Read More »


Cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be defined using clinical, histologic, immunologic, pathophysiologic, and genetic criteria. Clinical criteria Inflammatory bowel disease has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders of an unknown cause that is associated with chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestine, or colon. A clinical diagnosis of… Read More »