Tag Archives: Insulin

Effectors ― the responses to sensory information

Having gathered various types of sensory information, animals have to take appropriate action based upon the information gathered. Effectors may be defined as anything capable of producing a biological response. This can range from muscles producing movement ― an overt biological response ― to endocrine glands secreting hormones to alter some aspect of metabolism, e.g.… Read More »

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Treatment of Systemic Arterial Thromboembolism

Euthanasia In cats that are in acute pain that have a poor prognosis due to severe cardiomyopathy, euthanasia is a humane means of dealing with the problem. Systemic throm-boembolism is often a horrible complication of cardiomyopathy, the treatment options are all relatively poor, and rethrombosis is common. Consequently, although one should not automatically give up… Read More »

Acarbose (Precose)

Oral Antidiabetic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Antihyperglycemic agent that reduces the rate & amount of glucose absorbed from the gut after a meal; may be useful for mild reductions in blood glucose in dogs or cats • Contraindications: Underweight animals, known hypersensitivity, diabetic ketoacidosis, inflammatory bowel disease, colonic ulceration, partial intestinal obstruction or predisposition… Read More »

Aerosolized Drug Delivery Devices

Aerosolized drug therapy has been the standard treatment approach in human medicine for patients with noninfectious respiratory disease for 20 years. Administration via inhalation improves drug safety and efficacy by reducing the total therapeutic dose, minimizing drug exposure to other body systems, and allowing direct delivery of the drug to the lower respiratory tract. In… Read More »

CaniLeish for Dogs

Scientific discussion This medicine is approved for use in the European Union CaniLeish is a lyophilisate and solvent for suspension for injection, intended for the active immunisation of Leishmania negative dogs from 6 months of age to reduce the risk to develop an active infection and clinical disease after contact with Leishmania infantum. The active… Read More »

Neurological Conditions

Afghan myelopathy A progressive disease of the white matter of the spinal cord. Symptoms include pelvic limb ataxia and paresis progressing to thoracic limb involvement, tetraplegia and eventually death from respiratory paralysis. Ambylopia and quadriplegia This is a lethal inherited condition of Irish Setters. Puppies are unable to walk and progression to visual impairment, nystagmus… Read More »

Neoplastic Conditions

Actinic keratosis These lesions are often associated with chronic sun exposure, so are generally seen in pale-skinned areas of animals with outside access. Lesions may be single or multifocal, and plaquelike or papillomatous with hyperkeratosis. They may progress to squamous cell carcinoma which has the potential for local invasion and distant metastasis. Adrenocortical tumour Adrenocortical… Read More »

Endocrine conditions

Adult-onset growth-hormone-responsive dermatosis A poorly-understood syndrome of unknown cause. Basal growth hormone levels are low and unresponsive to stimulation. Other pituitary functions seem normal. The condition is characterised by bilaterally symmetrical areas of alopecia and hyperpigmentation initially in the areas of friction, e.g. the neck. Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) A polyuric state caused by a… Read More »

How Does The Body React To Heart Failure?

Many conditions and different heart diseases can progress into heart failure. Regardless of the cause, there is an initial fall in cardiac output that lowers arterial pressure. Clinical signs observed in heart failure are mainly the result of chronic activation of compensatory mechanisms to restore and maintain blood pressure. The cardiovascular system is part of… Read More »