Tag Archives: Ketoconazole

Diseases of the Ear: General Principles Of Management

The therapeutic plan for otitis externa requires identification of the primary disease process and perpetuating factors. Ideally management is aimed at thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear canal, removing or managing the primary factors, controlling perpetuating factors, administering appropriate topical or systemic therapy (or both), and evaluating response to therapy. Ear Cleaning Ear cleaning serves… Read More »

Therapy For Specific Diseases Of The External Ear Canal

Ectoparasites Thorough cleaning of the external ear canal, treatment of all household pets, and whole-body therapy should be considered in the treatment regimen for ear mites. Pets with no clinical signs may be asymptomatic carriers and a reservoir for reinfestation. Otic parasiticides such as pyrethrins, rotenone, amitraz, and carbaryl must be administered every 24 hours… Read More »

Inflammatory Diseases

Viral Rhinitis Viral rhinitis is a prominent disease in cats. The initial clinical signs are paroxysmal sneezing, conjunctivitis, and serous ocular and nasal discharge. About 5 days after the onset of sneezing, the nasal discharge becomes mucopurulent and there may be ocular complications. The condition usually persists for 2 to 3 weeks. Feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1)… Read More »

Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B Lipid-Based (Abelcet, Fungizone)

Antifungal Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Systemic antifungal used for serious mycotic infections • Must be administered IV • Nephrotoxicity is biggest concern, particularly with the deoxycholate form; newer lipid based products are less nephrotoxic & penetrate into tissues better, but are more expensive • Renal function monitoring essential • Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B… Read More »

Convenia [Cefovecin] for Cats & Dogs

Active substance / Generic: Cefovecin Scientific discussion This medicine is approved for use in the European Union Convenia is a powder and solvent for solution for injection containing a third generation cephalosporin, cefovecin sodium, for use in dogs and cats. The product is presented in a single pack size composed of one vial containing the freeze-dried… Read More »

Perianal Fistula

Perianal fistula is a chronic, often debilitating disease of the perianal tissues in dogs characterized by one or, more often, multiple draining tracts surrounding the anus. Anal furunculosis, an alternate descriptor, is typically a progressive disease characterized by ulcerative, painful, malodorous lesions resulting from the associated tissue destruction and infection. In severe cases, the entire… Read More »

Fungi

Histoplasma capsulatum Cause of Fungi Histoplasmosis is a systemic fungal disease of dogs and cats caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. In the environment, H. histoplasma organisms are mycelial, saprophytic soil fungi. In infected tissue or when cultured at 30 to 37° C, the organism is a yeast. The fungus is endemic throughout most of the temperate… Read More »

IBD

Cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be defined using clinical, histologic, immunologic, pathophysiologic, and genetic criteria. Clinical criteria Inflammatory bowel disease has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders of an unknown cause that is associated with chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestine, or colon. A clinical diagnosis of… Read More »

Anti-infective eye preparations

Care should be taken to distinguish superficial ocular disease caused by infections from other conditions that may result in a red or inflamed eye. Where possible the causative organism should be identified and any initial choice of a broad-spectrum antibacterial, or combination of antibacterials, modified according to bacterial sensitivity data. The severity of an infection… Read More »