Tag Archives: Lidocaine

Oral Administration: Liquids

Without a Stomach Tube Patient Preparation None required. Technique is appropriate for owners to perform at home. Technique Small amounts of liquid medicine can be given successfully to dogs and cats by pulling the commissure of the lip out to form a pocket (). Deposit the liquid medication into the “cheek pouch,” where it subsequently… Read More »

Urine Collection Techniques

Urine can be removed from the bladder by one of four methods: (1) voided (the “free catch”), (2) manual compression of the urinary bladder (expressing the bladder), (3) catheterization, or (4) cystocentesis. Voiding For routine urinalysis, collection of urine by voiding (micturition) is satisfactory. The major disadvantage is risk of contamination of the sample with… Read More »

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis denotes inner arterial wall thickening in association with lipid deposition. Affected large coronary arteries often appear grossly thickened, yellow-white, and may have narrowed lumina. Histologically, deposits of plaque containing cholesterol, lipoid material, focal calcification, and lipophages thicken the inner sections of arterial wall (intima and inner media). There can be widespread involvement of arteries… Read More »

Diseases of the Ear: General Principles Of Management

The therapeutic plan for otitis externa requires identification of the primary disease process and perpetuating factors. Ideally management is aimed at thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear canal, removing or managing the primary factors, controlling perpetuating factors, administering appropriate topical or systemic therapy (or both), and evaluating response to therapy. Ear Cleaning Ear cleaning serves… Read More »

Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B Lipid-Based (Abelcet, Fungizone)

Antifungal Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Systemic antifungal used for serious mycotic infections • Must be administered IV • Nephrotoxicity is biggest concern, particularly with the deoxycholate form; newer lipid based products are less nephrotoxic & penetrate into tissues better, but are more expensive • Renal function monitoring essential • Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B… Read More »

Amiodarone HCL (Cordarone, Pacerone)

Class III Antiarrhythmic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Antidysrhythmic agent that can be used in dogs for arrhythmias associated with left ventricular dysfunction or to convert atrial fib into sinus rhythm; very limited experience warrants cautious use • May be useful in horses to convert atrial fib or V tach into sinus rhythm • Contraindicated… Read More »

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Arrhythmocenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy

ARVC is a recendy reported and rare form of feline cardiomyopathy. It has been identified in humans, dogs (boxer dogs), and cats. It is characterized by fibrofatty or fatty infiltration of primarily the right ventricular free wall. The right ventricular wall is commonly thinned in humans and cats with the disease. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are common… Read More »

Bronchoalveolar Lavage

Today the use of fiberoptic bronchoscopy is a common and standard diagnostic procedure, which allows direct observation of the upper and lower conducting airways. During passage of the endoscope through the nasopharynx, trachea, and large bronchi, the quantity of mucous secretions can be assessed readily in addition to the degree of mucosal edema and bronchospasm.… Read More »

Permanent Tracheostomy in Standing Horses

Diseases of the upper airway such as laryngeal hemiplegia, arytenoid chondritis, subepiglottic cysts, aryepiglottic fold entrapment, and dorsal displacement of the soft palate are commonly encountered in horses. In all of these conditions some abnormality of the upper airway compromises the cross-sectional area of the airway and causes decreased airflow; the condition usually becomes clinically… Read More »