Tag Archives: Loperamide


1. What is the typical signahnent for acute colitis? • German shepherds and golden retrievers are the most commonly affected breeds. • 1-4 years old is the most common age. • Males are more commonly affected than females (3:2). 2. What are the common clinical signs of acute colitis? • Diarrhea or soft stool (watery,… Read More »

Diseases of the Large Intestine

The large intestine of the dog and cat has evolved to serve two major functions: (1) extraction of water and electrolytes from the fluid contents of the lumen and (2) control of defecation. The large intestine accomplishes these functions by regulating fluid transport, bacterial fermentation, motility, immune surveillance, and blood flow. Sodium and water absorption… Read More »


Cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be defined using clinical, histologic, immunologic, pathophysiologic, and genetic criteria. Clinical criteria Inflammatory bowel disease has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders of an unknown cause that is associated with chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestine, or colon. A clinical diagnosis of… Read More »

Acute Small Intestinal Disease

Potential causes of acute diarrhea are listed in Table Causes of Acute Diarrhea, but whether a complete diagnosis is pursued and when therapy is instituted are clinical judgments. The diagnostic approach to acute diarrhea is discussed elsewhere. Patients that are bright, alert, and not dehydrated may require no further investigation, because signs are often self-limiting.… Read More »

Short Bowel Syndrome

Short bowel syndrome refers to a syndrome that occurs when large lengths of the small intestine (more than two thirds) are absent because of resection or, rarely, a congenital anomaly. Clinical signs (e. g., diarrhea) result because the animal has an insufficient functional mass of small intestine for assimilation of nutrients and electrolytes. The degree… Read More »