Tag Archives: Metoclopramide

Canine Parvovirus

1. What are the common clinical signs in dogs with canine parvovirus (CPV)? • Lethargy • Vomiting • Inappetence • Fever • Acute-onset diarrhea • Profound neutropenia (white blood cells < 1000/mm3) Puppies between the ages of 6 weeks to 6 months are most commonly affected. In a Canadian study, sexually intact dogs had a… Read More »

Esophageal Disorders

1. What is the most common clinical sign of an esophageal disorder? Regurgitation. 2. What is the difference between regurgitation and reflux? Regurgitation refers to passive, retrograde movement of ingested material to a level proximal to the upper esophageal sphincter; usually this material has not reached the stomach. In most cases, regurgitation results from abnormal… Read More »

Canine Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis

1. What is canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)? Canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a syndrome characterized by the acute onset of profuse vomiting and bloody diarrhea with significant hemoconcentration. 2. What is the cause3 of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis? The cause is unknown. Although the term hemorrhagic gastroenteritis implies an inflammatory condition, the disease is more likely due to… Read More »

Dimenhydrinate

Chemistry An ethanolamine derivative antihistamine, dimenhydrinate contains approximately 54% diphenhydramine and 46% 8-chlorotheophylline. It occurs as an odorless, bitter and numbing-tasting, white crystalline powder with a melting range of 102°-107°C. Dimenhydrinate is slightly soluble in water and is freely soluble in propylene glycol or alcohol. The pH of the commercially available injection ranges from 6.4… Read More »

Constipation

Constipation; Cause The etiopathogenesis of idiopathic megacolon is still incompletely understood. Several reviews have emphasized the importance of considering an extensive list of differential diagnoses (e. g., neuromuscular, mechanical, inflammatory, metabolic and endocrine, pharmacologic, environmental, and behavioral causes) for the obstipated cat (Box Differential Diagnosis of Constipation in the Cat). A review of published cases… Read More »

Small Intestinal Disease

Signs Diarrhea Diarrhea is an increase in fecal mass caused by an increase in fecal water and / or solid content. It is accompanied by an increase in frequency and / or fluidity and / or volume of feces. Yet it must be remembered that the absence of recognizable diarrhea does not preclude the possibility… Read More »

Viral Enteritides

Most viral enteritides of dogs and cats, especially the parvovirus infections, cause an acute and usually self-limiting diarrhea, although severe cases in young or immunocompromised patients may be fatal. Canine parvovirus infection is described here as the index case for viral enteritides. Canine Parvovirus Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is a highly contagious cause of… Read More »

Ulceration

Gastric Erosion And Ulceration Gastric erosions and ulcers are associated with a number of primary gastric and non-gastric disorders (Table Association of Gastric Ulceration and Erosion with Specific Diseases). Clinical signs range in duration and severity, from acute to chronic and mild to life threatening. The pathomechanisms underlying gastric damage can be broadly attributed to… Read More »

Chronic Gastritis

Gastritis is a common finding in dogs, with 35% of dogs investigated for chronic vomiting and 26% to 48% of asymptomatic dogs affected. The prevalence in cats has not been determined. The diagnosis of chronic gastritis is based on the histologic examination of gastric biopsies and it is usually subclassified according to histopathological changes and… Read More »

Delayed Gastric Emptying

Delayed Gastric Emptying And Motility Disorders Disorders of gastric motility can disrupt the storage and mixing of food and its expulsion into the duodenum. Normal gastric motility is the result of the organized interaction of smooth muscle with neural and hormonal stimuli. Delayed gastric emptying is the most commonly recognized manifestation of gastric motility disorders.… Read More »