Tag Archives: Povidone iodine

Guttural Pouch Mycosis

Guttural pouch mycosis is the most common cause of serious epistaxis that is not related to exercise or trauma. Massive epistaxis may be the first and only outward clinical sign of fungal invasion of the guttural pouch. In other horses, infection results in chronic mucoid or serosan-guineous nasal discharge, with or without cranial nerve dysfunction.… Read More »

Perineal Lacerations

Perineal lacerations occur during unassisted foaling, most commonly in primiparous mares. Lacerations are caused by a combination of foal limb malpositioning and the violent, unpredictable expulsive efforts that accompany equine parturition. The foal’s hooves can engage the roof of the vestibule during forceful contractions and may lacerate the dorsal wall of the vestibule. The resulting… Read More »

Treatment of RFM

Although many mares with RFM do not become clinically ill, early prophylactic intervention is widely practiced because the complications associated with RFM may be severe and potentially life threatening. Many farm managers and horse owners with a veterinary client-patient relationship may be instructed to begin intramuscular (IM) injections of oxytocin 2 to 4 hours postpartum… Read More »

Normal Peripartum Procedures

The expected foaling date should be calculated as 11 months and 5 days. At approximately 30 days before foaling, booster vaccines should be given and the mare should be dewormed. If fescue toxicosis is problematic in the area, foaling mares should not be allowed to graze fescue pasture and should not be fed hay-containing fescue… Read More »

Complications Of Burns

Infection is a serious and frequent complication of burns and must be addressed at an early stage. For the most part, normal skin commensal organisms such as Streptococcus equi var. zooepidemicus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are encountered with some complicated by other gram-negative species, such as E. coli and Clostridia spp., and yeasts can… Read More »


Dermatophilosis or “rain scald” has a worldwide distribution, although the prevalence of the disease varies with geographic location. It is a moist, exudative dermatitis caused by the actinomycete Dermatophilus congolensis. D. congolensis is a gram-positive, non-acid fast, branching, filamentous bacterium that can cause a superficial bacterial dermatitis in a variety of species in addition to… Read More »


Dermatophytosis is a common, contagious, superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissues — including the superficial epidermis, hair, and, less commonly, hooves. Synonyms include ringworm or “girth itch.” Horses of all ages can become infected with dermatophytes, but young horses are more commonly affected. Although multiple fungal genera are capable of producing dermatophytosis, the majority of… Read More »