Tag Archives: Prednisolone

Vascular Diseases

Diseases Of Arteries Feline Ischemic Encephalopathy Feline ischemic encephalopathy (FIE) results in cerebral ischemic necrosis. Feline ischemic encephalopathy occurs in male and female cats of all ages and is more prevalent in the summer months. The cause of FIE is uncertain. Preliminary evidence suggests Cuterebra infection as a potential cause in some cases. Clinical pathology… Read More »

Diseases of the Throat

General Anatomy And Physiology The throat is an important, but mosdy ignored, communal area of both the gastrointestinal (GI) and respiratory tracts. Anatomically it is divided into the pharynx and larynx. The pharynx is further divided into the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. The nasopharynx is located dorsal to the soft palate, between the… Read More »

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Treatment And Prevention of Feline Heartworm Disease

The question arises as to whether heartworm prophylaxis is warranted for cats because they are not the natural host and because the incidence is low. Necropsy studies of feline heartworm infection in the Southeast have yielded a prevalence of 2.5% to 14%, with a median of 7%. When considering the question of institution of prophylaxis,… Read More »

Canine Heartworm Disease: Complications And Specific Syndromes

Asymptomatic Heartworm Infection Most dogs with heartworm infection are asymptomatic, even though many of these have heartworm disease (radiographic and pathologic lesions). Treatment is as described previously, using melarsomine in the split-dose regimen, along with a macrolide preventative. Asymptomatic dogs may, however, become symptomatic af’er adulticidal therapy due to postadulticidal thromboembolization and lung injury (as… Read More »

Sample Treatment Regimens

Case 1 The typical horse with moderate recurrent airway obstruction may have 30% to 70% neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, resting airway resistance that is elevated twice to three times normal, and visible signs of increased breathing effort. This horse would show a 30% to 50% reduction in airway resistance after receiving 450 meg… Read More »

Heaves (Recurrent Airway Obstruction)

Practical Management of Acute Episodes and Prevention of Exacerbations Heaves, also known as recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is an inflammatory condition in horses that results from the inhalation of dust in moldy hay and bedding. The condition affects primarily the small airways of horses and causes bronchospasm, bronchial hyperresponsiveness,… Read More »

Corticosteroids Recommended for the Treatment of Heaves

Corticosteroids are the most potent drugs currently available for the treatment of heaves (Table Medications Recommended for the Treatment of Heaves). The mechanisms of action of corticosteroids include decreasing smooth muscle contraction and epithelial damage by inhibiting the effects of inflammatory cells and their mediators, potentiation of the bronchodilating effects of catecholamines and reduction of… Read More »

Medical Therapy For Upper Airway Disease

Because of the possibility that regional inflammation of the upper airway may be responsible for some obstructive upper airway diseases, enteral, parenteral, and topical antiinflammatory therapy may prove useful in their treatment. Although a proven correlation between airway inflammation and upper airway obstructive diseases remains to be established, an association exists between the presence of… Read More »