Tag Archives: Propantheline bromide


Symptomatic bradycardia results from problems of impulse generation in the sinus node and / or its conduction from the atria to the ventricles. Both of these processes are influenced by the autonomic nervous system with the parasympathetic system slowing and the sympathetic system accelerating impulse generation and conduction. Non-cardiac causes of bradycardia Sinus bradycardia is… Read More »

Determination of Fetal Gender

Fetal gender determination has been incorporated into the management programs of many breeding farms. Depending on the sire or the dam, the fetal gender may affect the value of the fetus and therefore influence the value of the pregnant mare. This knowledge could change various management decisions such as appraisals, foaling location, sales’ reserves, insurance… Read More »

Oocyte Transfer

Oocyte transfer is the placement of a donor’s oocyte into the oviduct of a recipient. The recipient can be inseminated within the uterus or within the oviduct. Placement of the oocyte and sperm within the recipient’s oviduct is more accurately termed gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT). The first successful oocyte transfer was done in 1989; however,… Read More »