Tag Archives: Saline

Dilated cardiomyopathy in the cat

The aetiology of primary dilated cardiomyopathy in the cat is unknown. Recent work has indicated a close association between dietary taurine deficiency and dilated cardiomyopathy. In the cat, taurine is an essential amino acid which is required for the conjugation of bile acids. The premise that taurine deficiency is one of the causative factors in… Read More »

Oral Administration: Liquids

Without a Stomach Tube Patient Preparation None required. Technique is appropriate for owners to perform at home. Technique Small amounts of liquid medicine can be given successfully to dogs and cats by pulling the commissure of the lip out to form a pocket (). Deposit the liquid medication into the “cheek pouch,” where it subsequently… Read More »

Urine Collection Techniques

Urine can be removed from the bladder by one of four methods: (1) voided (the “free catch”), (2) manual compression of the urinary bladder (expressing the bladder), (3) catheterization, or (4) cystocentesis. Voiding For routine urinalysis, collection of urine by voiding (micturition) is satisfactory. The major disadvantage is risk of contamination of the sample with… Read More »

Diseases of the Ear: General Principles Of Management

The therapeutic plan for otitis externa requires identification of the primary disease process and perpetuating factors. Ideally management is aimed at thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear canal, removing or managing the primary factors, controlling perpetuating factors, administering appropriate topical or systemic therapy (or both), and evaluating response to therapy. Ear Cleaning Ear cleaning serves… Read More »

Therapy For Specific Diseases Of The External Ear Canal

Ectoparasites Thorough cleaning of the external ear canal, treatment of all household pets, and whole-body therapy should be considered in the treatment regimen for ear mites. Pets with no clinical signs may be asymptomatic carriers and a reservoir for reinfestation. Otic parasiticides such as pyrethrins, rotenone, amitraz, and carbaryl must be administered every 24 hours… Read More »

Otitis Media

Otitis media may result from extension of otitis extema through the tympanic membrane, aspiration of pharyngeal contents up the auditory tube (e.g. a sequela to upper respiratory tract (URT] infection in cats), or from hematogenous spread. Extension from otitis externa is the most common cause of otitis media, but otitis media may serve as a… Read More »

Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B Lipid-Based (Abelcet, Fungizone)

Antifungal Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Systemic antifungal used for serious mycotic infections • Must be administered IV • Nephrotoxicity is biggest concern, particularly with the deoxycholate form; newer lipid based products are less nephrotoxic & penetrate into tissues better, but are more expensive • Renal function monitoring essential • Amphotericin B Desoxycholate, Amphotericin B… Read More »

Ammonium Chloride (Uroeze)

Acidifying Agent Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Urinary acidifier; treatment of metabolic alkalosis • Contraindicated in patients with hepatic failure or uremia • Potential adverse effects are primarily GI distress; IV use may lead to metabolic acidosis • May increase excretion of quinidine; decrease efficacy of erythromycin or aminoglycosides in urine What Is Ammonium Chloride… Read More »

Aminophylline Theophylline

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor Bronchodilator Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bronchodilator drug with diuretic activity; used for bronchospasm & cardiogenic pulmonary edema • Narrow therapeutic index in humans, but dogs appear to be less susceptible to toxic effects at higher plasma levels • Therapeutic drug monitoring recommended • Many drug interactions What Is Aminophylline Theophylline Used For?… Read More »

Aminopentamide Hydrogen Sulfate (Centrine)

Anticholinergic/Antispasmodic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Anticholinergic/antispasmodicfor GI indications in small animals • Typical adverse effect profile (“dry, hot, red”); potentially could cause tachycardia • Contraindicated in glaucoma; relatively contraindicated in tachycardias, heart disease, GI obstruction, etc. What Is Aminopentamide Hydrogen Sulfate Used For? The manufacturer states that the drug is indicated “in the treatment… Read More »