Tag Archives: Ticarcillin

Diseases of the Ear: General Principles Of Management

The therapeutic plan for otitis externa requires identification of the primary disease process and perpetuating factors. Ideally management is aimed at thoroughly cleaning and drying the ear canal, removing or managing the primary factors, controlling perpetuating factors, administering appropriate topical or systemic therapy (or both), and evaluating response to therapy. Ear Cleaning Ear cleaning serves… Read More »

Therapy For Specific Diseases Of The External Ear Canal

Ectoparasites Thorough cleaning of the external ear canal, treatment of all household pets, and whole-body therapy should be considered in the treatment regimen for ear mites. Pets with no clinical signs may be asymptomatic carriers and a reservoir for reinfestation. Otic parasiticides such as pyrethrins, rotenone, amitraz, and carbaryl must be administered every 24 hours… Read More »

Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid (Clavamox, Augmentin)

Potentiated Aminopenicillin Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Bactericidal aminopenicillin with beta-lactamase inhibitor that expands its spectrum. Not effective against Pseudomonas or Enterobacter • Most likely adverse effects are GI related, but hypersensitivity & other adverse effects rarely occur What Is Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Potassium, Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid Used For? Amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate tablets and oral… Read More »

Amikacin Sulfate (Amikin, Amiglyde-V)

Aminoglycoside Antibiotic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Parenteral aminoglycoside antibiotic that has good activity against a variety of bacteria, predominantly gram-negative aerobic bacilli • Adverse Effects: Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, neuromuscu-lar blockade • Cats may be more sensitive to toxic effects • Risk factors for toxicity: Preexisting renal disease, age (both neonatal & geriatric), fever, sepsis &… Read More »

Treatment of RFM

Although many mares with RFM do not become clinically ill, early prophylactic intervention is widely practiced because the complications associated with RFM may be severe and potentially life threatening. Many farm managers and horse owners with a veterinary client-patient relationship may be instructed to begin intramuscular (IM) injections of oxytocin 2 to 4 hours postpartum… Read More »

Cryopreservation of Semen

The use of frozen-thawed equine semen has increased greatly over the past 10 to 15 years. The use of this type of semen can have tremendous advantages for both stallion and mare owners. Genetic material can be stored indefinitely and may be used even after the death of the stallion. Success in the cryopreservation of… Read More »

General Considerations For Testing Ability Of Spermatozoa To Survive Cooled Storage

Preservation of semen begins with the collection process. Accurate assessment of semen quality relies heavily on proper semen collection techniques. Ejaculated semen is susceptible to environmental influences. Therefore mishandling semen samples before evaluation can lead to erroneous interpretation of results, thereby negating their value for representing the ability of a stallion’s spermatozoa to survive the… Read More »

Endometrial Culture and Antimicrobial Therapy

Sampling of the surface of the endometrium for pathogenic microflora is an important part of the breeding soundness evaluation of the mare. Additionally, most breeding sheds and stallion owners require broodmares to have a negative uterine culture before natural mating. Breeds that allow artificial insemination may be less restrictive with this requirement. Other indications for… Read More »

Beta-lactam antibacterials

Narrow-spectrum penicillins Beta-lactamase resistant penicillins Broad-spectrum penicillins Antipseudomonal penicillins Cephalosporins This group comprises the penicillins and the cephalosporins. They are bactericidal by interfering with cell wall synthesis. Beta-lactam antibacterials are not metabolised in the body, but are rapidly excreted unchanged in the urine. Relatively insoluble depot preparations are often used to prolong action, albeit at… Read More »


For general information on the penicillins, including adverse effects, contraindications, overdosage, drug interactions and monitoring parameters, refer to the monograph: Penicillins, General Information. Chemistry An alpha-carboxypenicillin, carbenicillin is now available only as a an oral dosage form; the sodium salt of the indanyl ester of carbenicillin. It occurs as a bitter-tasting, white to off-white powder… Read More »