Tag Archives: Tylosin

Aivlosin [Tylvalosin] for Pigs, Chickens and Pheasants

Active substance / Generic: Tylvalosin Scientific discussion This medicine is approved for use in the European Union Aivlosin is a veterinary medicinal product containing the macrolide antibiotic tylvalosin (previous name: acetylisovaleryltylosin) as active substance. The target species are pigs, chickens and pheasants. The product is presented for pigs as a premix for medicated feedingstuff to be… Read More »


1. What is the typical signahnent for acute colitis? • German shepherds and golden retrievers are the most commonly affected breeds. • 1-4 years old is the most common age. • Males are more commonly affected than females (3:2). 2. What are the common clinical signs of acute colitis? • Diarrhea or soft stool (watery,… Read More »

Clostridium perfringens

Clostridium perfringens: Cause Clostridium perfringens is a gram-positive, spore-forming, obligate anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium that contributes to the rhicrobial ecology and nutrition of the colon in healthy dogs and cats. Under certain conditions, proliferation and sporulation of Clostridium perfringens permits enterotoxin A (or clostridium perfringens enterotoxin) production which may then induce mucosal damage, fluid secretion and… Read More »


Cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be defined using clinical, histologic, immunologic, pathophysiologic, and genetic criteria. Clinical criteria Inflammatory bowel disease has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders of an unknown cause that is associated with chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestine, or colon. A clinical diagnosis of… Read More »

Acute Small Intestinal Disease

Potential causes of acute diarrhea are listed in Table Causes of Acute Diarrhea, but whether a complete diagnosis is pursued and when therapy is instituted are clinical judgments. The diagnostic approach to acute diarrhea is discussed elsewhere. Patients that are bright, alert, and not dehydrated may require no further investigation, because signs are often self-limiting.… Read More »

Chronic Enteropathies

Chronic Idiopathic Enteropathies Chronic enteropathies have historically been defined by histologic description of the tissue, which provides little information as to the nature of the intestinal dysfunction or its etiology. Furthermore, tissue samples collected from many cases have no obvious morphologic changes. In the future, new methods of investigation may better characterize functional and immunologic… Read More »

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Normally the bacterial population of the small intestine is controlled by a number of mechanisms (see above). Bacterial overgrowth is the uncontrolled proliferation of these bacteria and, in humans, occurs secondary to a number of underlying disorders that interfere with the control mechanisms. Although the existence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in humans is not… Read More »

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease is a collective term that describes a group of disorders characterized by persistent or recurrent gastrointestinal signs and histologic evidence of intestinal inflammation on biopsy material. The disease bears little resemblance to inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis) of humans, and indiscriminate use of the term “IBD” is no more… Read More »


Definition and Cause Intestinal lymphangiectasia is characterized by marked dilatation and dysfunction of intestinal lymphatics. Abnormal lymphatics leak protein-rich lymph into the intestinal lumen, ultimately causing protein-losing enteropathy and hypoproteinemia. Lymphangiectasia may be a primary disorder or can develop secondary to lymphatic obstruction. Primary lymphangiectasia usually is limited to the intestine, although it may be… Read More »

Drugs acting on FEET

Disorders of the feet are typically characterised by lameness, although sometimes other clinical signs such as swelling, inflammation, and discharge may be seen. In farm livestock, lameness is both a major economic and a welfare problem and in horses performance can be seriously impaired. Conditions affecting horses. Thrush in horses can result from poor hoof… Read More »