Tag Archives: Vitamin E

Aminocaproic Acid (Amicar)

Fibrinolysis Inhibitor/Antiprotease Highlights Of Prescribing Information • May be useful for treating degenerative myelopathies in dogs; efficacy not well documented • Treatment may be very expensive, especially with large dogs • Contraindicated in DIC • Infrequently causes GI distress What Is Aminocaproic Acid Used For? Aminocaproic acid has been used as a treatment to degenerative… Read More »

Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine, Mucomyst, NAC)

Antidote; Mucolytic Highlights Of Prescribing Information • Used primarily as a treatment for acetaminophen or phenol toxicity & for its mucolytic effect; used anecdotally for treating degenerative myelopathy • Also used as a topical ophthalmic () • Has caused hypersensitivity & bronchospasm when used in pulmonary tree • Administer via gastric- or duodenal tube for… Read More »

Nonneoplastic Sterile Nodules

Single or multiple noninfectious nodules are a common occurrence in horses. Sterile nodules are either immune-mediated or idiopathic in most cases. The two most common presentations are rapid-onset urticarial lesions and more slowly progressive firm nodules. Urticaria Collagenolytic Granuloma Axillary Nodular Necrosis Clinical Signs Another less common cause of eosinophilic nodules is axillary nodular necrosis.… Read More »


Dermatophytosis is a common, contagious, superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissues — including the superficial epidermis, hair, and, less commonly, hooves. Synonyms include ringworm or “girth itch.” Horses of all ages can become infected with dermatophytes, but young horses are more commonly affected. Although multiple fungal genera are capable of producing dermatophytosis, the majority of… Read More »


Mange (Demodectic / Sarcoptic) Definition and cause Demodex is a localized or generalized parasitic disease caused by Demodex spp. mites. The underlying cause is believed to be genetic or related to immune deficiency or imbalance. In cats it is most often associated with other systemic disease such as FIV. Sarcoptic mange is a highly pruritic… Read More »

Paresis / Paralysis

Intervertebral Disc Disease — Paresis / Paralysis Definition and cause Intervertrebal (IV) disc disease is a degeneration of the intervertebral disc, which is characterized by leakage of the disc material, leading to spinal cord compression and neurological deficits. While no proven genetic link has been determined, certain breeds such as dachshunds, beagles, and corgis are… Read More »


Definition and cause Epilepsy is defined as a seizuring condition in which there are no physical conditions or lesion in the brain. While the mechanism that incites epilepsy and convulsions is not known, it is believed that there is an underlying biochemical imbalance. Epilepsy is more common in Golden and Labrador retrievers, St. Bernards, Springer… Read More »

Degenerative myelopathy

Definition and cause Degenerative myelopathy is a slow, progressive degeneration of the spinal cord, which often leads to loss of motor control of the hind legs. While no proven cause is known, it is believed that an autoaggressive process may be involved with the observed degeneration of the spinal cord. Although it is most commonly… Read More »

Heart Diseases

As in man, heart troubles are very much more common in old age. However, even young animals may suffer from faulty heart action due to congenital defects. Signs Irregularity in the heartbeat, some difficulty in breathing without obvious changes in the lungs or pleura, breathlessness when the animals are compelled to exert themselves, a tendency… Read More »


Chemistry An inhibitor of fibrinolysis, aminocaproic acid is a synthetic monamino carboxylic acid occurring as a fine, white crystalline powder. It is slightly soluble in alcohol and freely soluble in water and has pKa’s of 4.43 and 10.75. The injectable product has its pH adjusted to approximately 6.8. Aminocaproic acid may also be known by… Read More »